Essay instructions for preparing technical review paper
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The purpose of assigning the technical review paper is to provide practical search experience in identifying important research developments and experience in reporting on these developments in a clear, concise, and organized manner. The subject of the paper should be an approved topic within the general subject of Material Science. The subject must not be the same as any topic that you have previously used or currently using for a report. The term paper must be written in your own words. This technical review paper should be written as though it has been requested by your employer. Assume that your boss has asked you to investigate and to report in writing on some subject of current interest to the company. References for cheap essay should include the most recent work in the area of study.
The title page for cheap essays should give the course number, course title, the title of your topic, your name, and the date. At the bottom of the title page, the following sentence must be included: “The subject area of this term paper is not the same as that of any report that I have previously used or am currently using. This work is solely my own.” All submitted reports must include the author’s signature following this statement.
Each cheap essay should have an abstract about 200 words in length and be on a separate page. This section should state concisely the area that has been treated and the conclusions that have been reached. Introduction This section should contain information about why this particular area is important and some history of past work in this area. In short, this part of the paper gives background and motivation for this work.
These sections make up the body of the paper. Material drawn from books and periodicals must be referenced. This means that most all of the paper will contain references. Direct verbatim material may be taken from references but must be enclosed in quotation marks and referenced. Figures should all be
numbered and have captions. Figures may be reproduced from articles and books but the figure caption must end with an appropriate parenthetical reference such as (from reference ). Tables likewise should be numbered, have titles, and be referenced. Figures and tables should be integrated within the text near the point where they are first cited. Use subsection and sub-subsection headings as needed.
Reference citations should appear throughout the paper. Each major concept or result should be referenced. Citation numbers should be enclosed in square brackets (such as ). Summary/Conclusions After the body of the paper, there should be a Summary or Conclusion section. This section should briefly restate what has been analyzed and what conclusions have been drawn. References References should be numbered consecutively in order of appearance in the paper. A listing of the references should be put on separate pages at the end of the paper. Each reference should only be listed once. References should be taken from the original sources. The most recent references relating the chosen topic should definitely be listed and used. Use IEEE standard form for all references. Format information The term paper should formatted for 8 ½” x 11” paper. Pages should be numbered. Equations should be designated by a number enclosed in parentheses at the right hand margin of the paper. All symbols used should be explained in the paper. The term paper should be single spaced and 12 point font with one inch margins at the right, left, top and bottom.
Length of Term Paper
The body of the term paper should be between 7 and 9 single space pages in length. This does not include the abstract, equations, figures, and references. Additional Guidelines 1. The term paper should be on one well-defined subject. 2. The text material in each section should be as specific as possible. Do not use vague terminology. Say exactly what was done and why it is important.
a. Examples: i. Wrong: “A novel tuning system for a laser is described.” ii. Correct: “An electro-optic tunable filter consisting of a series of birefringent plates between crossed polarizers was constructed.” iii. Wrong: “A broadband acousto-optic modulator is described.” iv. Correct: “A 1 GHz acousto-optic amplitude modulator was constructed.”
3. It is not acceptable to introduce a quantity and explain it later in the paper. Each quantity must be explained at its first introduction. If absolutely necessary, one can state “as defined below” to let the reader know that the definition is given below. If a reader encounters a quantity or symbol that has not been defined, they may believe that they missed the definition and will go back and read the preceding material again searching for the definition that they missed. This is a terrible waste of their time and degrades the value of the term paper.
4. Label completely the axes of all graphs using the format: “Name of Quantity, Symbol of quantity, (units).” For example, axes might be labeled a. Efficiency, η, (%) b. Lifetime, τ, (msec) This should be done even if the original author did not include this information. Use the “most standard” name, symbol, and units for the quantity. Throughout the term paper, use only the “most standard” name, symbol and units.
5. Be sure that the names and symbols of quantities used in the text are the same as names and symbols used in figures, tables and equations.
6. Modify existing published figures as needed. For example, change the notation to the “most standard,” eliminate curves that do not relate to the text. Add labels to figures as needed. Change captions (typically expand) to make them more explanatory.
7. When describing a device, a technique, or a system, you must include information on the system performance. 8. Do not define new acronyms. Use only existing published acronyms. Acronyms must be spelled out at the location where they first appear with the acronym following in parentheses. For example, “Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT).” The acronym may be used in subsequent material without further definition.
9. Be sure that lettering in figures, tables, and equations is not too small or too blurry and that all lettering is readable.
10. Have someone else read your term paper before you submit it. Without helping them, have them explain the significance to you. If they don’t understand the significance, you need to improve your written presentation until they do. This is the best way to be sure you have included all the needed material and that you have made yourself clear.